Lintels & Padstones
Lintels and padstones are both architectural elements used in construction to support and distribute loads above openings in walls, such as doors and windows. While they serve similar purposes, there are some differences between the two.
Lintels: Lintels are horizontal structural members placed across the top of an opening to support the load above and transfer it to the surrounding walls. They are commonly made of materials like wood, steel, concrete, or stone, depending on the requirements of the building. Lintels are designed to bear the weight of the wall above the opening and any additional loads, such as the roof or floors. They prevent the opening from sagging or collapsing due to the weight above.
Padstones: Padstones, also known as bearing blocks, are blocks or pieces of material placed beneath the ends of a lintel or beam to provide additional support and distribute the load more evenly. They are usually made of durable materials like concrete or stone. Padstones help prevent the lintel from sinking or cracking at the points where it makes contact with the walls. They create a larger bearing surface and help to transfer the load from the lintel to the surrounding masonry in a more controlled manner.
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